Tuesday, May 20, 2014

Composition & Origin of Water

Scientific Miracles in the Oceans and animals. Water consists of particles that are firmly attached to one another. A molecule of water c... thumbnail 1 summary
Scientific Miracles in the Oceans and animals.

Water consists of particles that are firmly attached to one another. A molecule of water consists of one atom of oxygen attached to two atoms of hydrogen. The atoms are joined by chemical bonds which are forces of attraction that hold atoms together. It is the bonds between atoms that give molecules different properties than the atoms they are composed of. The oxygen-hydrogen bond is polar, one end of the molecule is partially negative whilst the two hydrogen atoms become partially positive. The molecules of water are attracted to one another, with the slightly positive hydrogen atoms attracted to the negative “ends” (the oxygen atoms) of other water molecules. This intermolecular attraction is termed “hydrogen bonding”, and acts almost like a glue holding the molecules of water together. In the case of water the effect on the physical properties of water are quite astounding, the boiling point of water, for example, is very much greater than would be the case if such bonding did not exist. This fact alone should make human beings and other living creatures grateful for the unique physical and chemical properties of water.

Origin of Water
There are a number of theories which explain the origin of water on Earth. These theories include the following:

Water is of extraterrestrial origin
In brief, this theory says that water came to Earth from outer space: there are rays which flow continuously throughout the universe, consisting of particles that are endowed with great energy and containing nuclei of hydrogen atoms, i.e. protons. As the Earth rotated on its axis and around the sun, these protons penetrated the Earth’s atmosphere and acquired the necessary electrons, thus forming hydrogen atoms which interacted directly with oxygen and formed molecules at a high altitude under very low temperatures. These condensed into particles of space dust, forming silver clouds. Scientists also believe that the water which was formed in this way during the long period of the Earth’s formation was sufficient to fill all the oceans on Earth.
In the Holy Qur’an, Allah, The Exalted, mentions this phenomenon, as He says that He sent down water from heavens. He mentions water without a definite article so as to indicate that water in general came down from heavens. This appears in more than twenty Verses, including the following:
“Who has made the Earth a resting place for you, and the sky as a canopy, and sent down water (rain) from the sky and brought forth therewith fruits as a provision for you. Then do not set up rivals unto Allah (in worship) while you know (that He Alone has the right to be worshipped).” (Soorah Al-Baqarah, 2:22)
“It is He Who sends down water (rain) from the sky, and with it We bring forth vegetation of all kinds, and out of it We bring forth green stalks, from which We bring forth thick clustered grain. And out of the date-palm and its spathe come forth clusters of dates hanging low and near, and gardens of grapes, olives and pomegranates, each similar (in kind) yet different (in variety and taste). Look at their fruits when they begin to bear, and the ripeness thereof. Verily, in these things there are Signs for people who believe.” (Soorah Al-An‘am, 6:99)
“(Remember) when He covered you with a slumber as a security from Him, and He caused water (rain) to descend on you from the sky, to clean you thereby and to remove from you the Rijz (whispering, evil suggestions) of Shaitan (Satan), and to strengthen your hearts, and make your feet firm thereby.” (Soorah Al-Anfal, 8:11)
“He sends down water (rain) from the sky, and the valleys flow according to their measure, but the flood bears away the foam that mounts up to the surface — and (also) from that (ore) which they heat in the fire in order to make ornaments or utensils, rises a foam like unto it, thus does Allah (by parables) show forth truth and falsehood. Then, as for the foam it passes away as scum upon the banks, while that which is for the good of mankind remains in the earth. Thus Allah sets forth parables (for the truth and falsehood, i.e. belief and disbelief).” (Soorah Al-Ra‘d, 13:17)
Water is of Earthly origin
In brief, this theory states that the rocks which form the layer (mantle) between the Earth’s core and its crust melt in some places as a result of the heat emanating from radioactive fission of radioactive substances, which releases components such as ozone and chlorine, and the various compounds of carbon and sulphur, but most of what is released is water. And Allah, Most High, knows best.

[from “Scientific Miracles in the Oceans & Animals” by “Yusuf Al-Hajj Ahmad”, published by Darussalam, 2010]

No comments

Post a Comment