Thursday, May 3, 2012

Islam is the religion of reason and thus it promotes science, which seeks to find out the reality of things. Science tests some of the facts of Islam and makes it more valuable in the eye of the intelligent world. Man-coined religions of the world cannot withstand the test of science. Most of them have disappeared from the world, while all others are in the process of withering away, on account of the hard-testing of this scientific world. In order to establish relations between Islam and science, we must know the meaning of science.
What we Call science (Latin scientia, seiere meaning "know") has been roughly described as "the organised attempt of mankind to describe how thing work as casual systems". Each one reads of nature's book a little and a little more and each one begins where the last leaves off. Science is also defined as a branch of study which is concerned either with a connected body of demonstrated truths or with observed facts systematically classified by being brought under general laws, and which includes trustworthy methods for the discovery of new truths within its own domain. There are two main divisions of science, natural and physical. The term may also be defined, as the ordered arrangement of ascertained knowledge, including the methods by which such knowledge is extended and the criterion by which its truth is tested. Perhaps, science it more clearly defined by saying, that is, firstly, a vast collection of facts expressed in exact and unambiguous language, in such a manner, that anyone who cares to take the trouble can test their truth; and secondly a collection of rules or laws which express the connection between the facts.
Islam is the only religion that recommends research. It claims that the more the scientific knowledge expands, the more are we constrained to admit the truth of the Quranic revelations, and to confess that Islam is the only true religion of mankind. And, indeed, the more astounding its achievements, the more do we, and more than the layman, the scientists, stand in awe of Allah, Who created the vast universe. And the more do we acknowledge as Divine that Book (i.e. the Quran) which draws our attention to material truths, which modern science is beginning to prove to us only today, Islam does not have its claim to human belief on miracles. It is the day-to-day religion, for the whole mankind, for all times. It appeals to man's common sense for its acceptance, and not to blind faith. The factual position is that the more false a religion, the greater human interpolation in its texts, the higher the premium it lays on blind faith. The Quran, on the other hand, advises man to use his intelligence, develop it and use it for understanding Allah and His ways, as well as for making use of the wealth, He has created for him.
Islam has, all along been, the foundation of science it is the Muslims who throughout the times, have mostly contributed to the science. They have been able to do so under inspiration from the Quran. The Quran invites mankind to know about their own creation and bow before his will. It enjoins upon the human beings to dedicate their lives to Allah, in order to satisfy the greatest need of their own nature. The attributes of Allah are manifold. Only in His creation, the very first science of knowing Allah, is the observation and study of natural phenomena all around him. He has made the sun, the moon and other heavenly bodies for the service of mankind. The properties and movements of the heavenly bodies can be ascertained and mathematically worked out in advance. When mankind acquire more knowledge from Allah, He will enable them to use solar energies for their various activities. And as for the moon, the tides depend upon its movements and, therefore, good tidings of safe shipping as sea crafts enters of leaves a harbor. And as scientific knowledge advances, who knows what other uses the sun and the moon may be put to!
The Quran is the treasure of all sciences. The Quran establishes this fact at various places and particularly in 6:154 ; 7 : 145 ; 13 : 2 ; 17 : 12, where it speaks thus: "We have explained all sciences in detail." Many passages of the Quran embody deep scientific truths, which modern science has discovered. The Quran in 36 : 36 and 51 : 49 says; "Holy is He Who created all things in pairs, of what the earth grows and of themselves, and also of what they do not know" and "And of everything We have created pairs, that you may reflect (O mankind)". There are numerous more such references.
But science, with all its marvels, has its limitations too. Modern science has undergone many changes, modifications, and even all previous theories have been shattered. What a scientist says to-day, may be, at most half truth to be changed in future. It is the conclusion of the scientists that science has got definite limitations. Its limitations appear in many spheres. Non-Islamic science is imperfect. It is also unable to solve many mathematical, whatsoever, for spiritual world, unseen worlds, life in the Hereafter, etc. It can be observed that science which finds itself helpless even in solving the problem of this very seen world, then how it can claim or imagine for solving riddles of the unseen worlds.
A part from its limitations, the science has brought the world to the very door of destruction. Man feels at present that he has completed control over his scientific investigations. But he is quite unaware that his each discovery is a potential danger to the very existence of man. There are great possibilities of his being wiped off from the surface of this very planet by these very discoveries! Man's scientific discoveries and achievements are, therefore, the greatest danger which secures for him and his progeny an insecure position. His safety lies in surrendering himself to the will of the Almighty, then alone he can feel secure.

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